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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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. . . The castle be so built, and fortified, that it was thought to be
invincible. And when it was finished, for reward to the architect (that was
a Polonian), he (Tsar Ivan Vasilevich) put out both his eyes, to make him
unable to build the like again.
(Fletcher, G., ibid., p. 63).
Immediately after the occupation of Poland, the N.K.V.D. began to
seek among the population for persons who might be of some use to them,
agents who would be capable of carrying out intelligence work in that
part of Poland occupied by Germany, and for informers who would act in
Eastern Poland against the national underground organisations. In
1939, the Soviets had no particular need to find any Quislings among the
Poles, for they were anticipating that the Polish question on the annexed
territory would be settled in the way normal to Russia, that is, by the
physical extermination of all leaders and the wholesale transfer of the
population. In that case common informers would suffice for the -job.
The former stock of Polish Communists who had linked their fate with
that of Lenin and Trotsky and who, believing in the Revolution, had
marched with the Russian armies in their drive on Warsaw in 1920, were
already dead, the majority having shared the destiny of their erstwhile
comrades and perished during the purges—many had been executed as
agents provocateurs. No one has been able to find the graves of Wojewodzki,
Skarbek, Dqbal, Warski, Lenski and other Poles, nor of Ukrainians such
as Czubar, Skrypnik and those White Ruthenian dreamers, who sincerely
believed in a better world founded on Communism, and were so un-
heeding as to join the Russian camp and seek refage in the Soviet Union.
The actual Polish Department of the Comintern was staffed from an
Academy created in Minsk on the borders of the Polish Republic, where
personnel were specially trained for their task. The students took a
three-year course in order to become thoroughly acquainted with Polish
affairs. Some of the pupils were young men of Polish stock, educated
from childhood in Russian schools. A number of these, as minor officials
of the N.K.V.D., were later to come into contact with the Polish Army
The existing Polish Department of the Comintern, possessed an ex-
perienced staff and had no need, as had been the case in Lenin's time, to
seek for supporters in Poland who would work against their country. If
they adopted Wanda Wasilewska, it was only as a special case and
because, in the future she, as a writer, could perform useful work in
Western Poland occupied by the Germans. Furthermore, her virtue lay in
the fact that she happened to be the daughter of the late Leon Wasilew&W*